Middle School Students with Reading Difficulties:
System/Texas Education Agency
who work with middle school students are all too aware that not all
children learn to read by the time they leave elementary school.
Many students in grades 6, 7, and 8 have reading difficulties.
Developed with funding from The Meadows Foundation and the Texas
Education Agency, Effective Instruction for Middle School Students with
Reading Difficulties: The Reading Teacher's Sourcebook offers middle
school reading teachers an overview of research-based instructional
approaches for teaching struggling readers.
The goal for this sourcebook is that instruction provided by the
reading teacher can be integrated into a coordinated, comprehensive,
The goal of this schoolwide effort is to ensure that all students can
read and learn from academic text, including content area textbooks and
literature, and that they will be motivated to engage in reading for
many different purposes.
To address this goal, the schoolwide approach is designed to meet the
needs of all students by providing them with instruction specifically
designed to help them comprehend the complex vocabulary and content of
academic text and to increase their motivation to read.
These elements are essential if students are to be successful at
learning from text.
The components of the approach are:
A solid foundation of high standards, strong leadership, instructional
excellence, and a safe and positive school environment.
Common instructional routines and strategies implemented across content
areas to engage content teachers (i.e., math, social studies, science,
English language arts) in teaching students content area vocabulary and
practices for comprehending content area academic text.
Strategic instruction provided in reading classes or intervention
Intensive intervention for students with more serious reading
here to download the booklet (410 pages) [2.3MB PDF]