Hit the ground running on the
first day of class with substantial content.
2. Take attendance: roll
call, clipboard, sign in, seating chart.
3. Introduce teaching
assistants by slide, short presentation, or self-introduction.
out an informative, artistic, and user-friendly syllabus.
5. Give an
assignment on the first day to be collected at the next meeting.
Start laboratory experiments and other exercises the first time lab
7. Call attention (written and oral) to what makes good lab
practice: completing work to be done, procedures, equipment, clean up,
maintenance, safety, conservation of supplies, full use of
Administer a learning style inventory to help students find out about
9. Direct students to the Learning Skills Center for help
on basic skills.
10. Tell students how much time they will need to
study for this course.
11. Hand out supplemental study aids: library
use, study tips, supplemental readings and exercises.
12. Explain how
to study for kind of tests you give.
13. Put in writing a limited
number of ground rules regarding absence, late work, testing
procedures, grading, and general decorum,
and maintain these.
Announce office hours frequently and hold them without fail.
students how to handle learning in large classes and impersonal
16. Give sample test questions.
17. Give sample test
18. Explain the difference between legitimate
collaboration and academic dishonesty; be clear when collaboration is
wanted and when
19. Seek out a different student each
day and get to know something about him or her.
20. Ask students to
write about what important things are currently going on in their
21. Find out about students' jobs; if they are working, how many
hours a week, and what kinds of jobs they hold.
22. Greet students at the door when they enter the classroom.
23. Start the class on time.
24. Make a grand stage entrance to hush a
large class and gain attention.
25. Give a pre-test on the day's topic.
26. Start the lecture with a puzzle, question, paradox, picture, or
cartoon on slide or transparency to focus on the day's topic.
Elicit student questions and concerns at the beginning of the class and
list these on the chalkboard to be answered during the hour.
students write down what they think the important issues or key points
of the day's lecture will be.
29. Ask the person who is reading the
student newspaper what is in the news today.
Have students write out their expectations for the course and their own
goals for learning.
students to learn
31. Use variety in methods of presentation every
32. Stage a figurative "coffee break" about twenty
minutes into the hour; tell an anecdote, invite students to put down
pens and pencils,
refer to a current event, shift media.
Incorporate community resources: plays, concerts, the State Fair.
government agencies. businesses, the outdoors.
34. Show a film in a
novel way: stop it for discussion, show a few frames only, anticipate
ending, hand out a viewing or critique sheet,
play and replay parts.
35. Share your philosophy of teaching with your students.
36. Form a
student panel to present alternative views of the same concept.
Stage a change-your-mind debate with students moving to different
parts of the classroom to signal change in opinion during the
38. Conduct a "living" demographic survey by having
students move to different parts of the classroom: size of high school.
urban, consumer preferences.
39. Tell about your current
research interests and how you got there from your own beginnings in
40. Conduct a role-play to make a point or to lay out
41. Let your students assume the role of a professional in the
discipline: philosopher, literary critic, biologist. agronomist.
42. Conduct idea-generating or
brainstorming sessions to expand horizons.
43. Give students two
passages of material containing alternative views to compare and
44. Distribute a list of the unsolved
great questions in your discipline and invite students to claim one as
own to investigate.
45. Ask students what books they've read
46. Ask what is going on in the state legislature on this
subject which may affect their future.
47. Let your students see the
enthusiasm you have for your subject and your love of learning.
Take students with you to hear guest speakers or special programs on
49. Plan "scholar-gypsy" lesson or unit which shows students
the excitement of discovery in your discipline. Providing Support
Collect students' current telephone numbers and addresses and let them
know that you may need to reach them.
51. Check out absentees. Call or
write a personal note.
52. Diagnose the students' prerequisites
learning by questionnaire or pre-test and give them the feedback as
soon as possible.
53. Hand out study questions or study guides.
redundant. Students should hear, read. or see key material at least
55. Allow students to demonstrate progress in learning:
summary quiz over the day's work. a written reaction to the day's
56. Use non-graded feedback to let students know how they are
doing: post answers to ungraded quizzes and problem sets, exercises in
class, oral feedback.
57. Reward behavior you want: praise, stars,
honor roll, personal note.
58. Use a light touch: smile, tell a good
joke, break test anxiety with a sympathetic comment.
59. Organize. Give
visible structure by posting the day's "menu" on chalk- board or
60. Use multiple media: overhead, slides, film, videos,
audio tape, models, sample material.
61. Use multiple examples, in
multiple media. to illustrate key points and . important concepts.
Make appointments with all students (individually or in small groups).
63. Hand out wallet-sized telephone cards with all important telephone
numbers listed: office department, resource centers, teaching
64. Print all important course dates on a card that can
be handed out and taped to a mirror.
65. Eavesdrop on students before
or after class and join their conversation about course topics.
Maintain an open lab gradebook with grades kept current during lab
time so that students can check their progress.
67. Check to see if any
students are having problems with any academic or campus matters and
direct those who are to appropriate
offices or resources.
students what they need to do to receive an "A" in your course.
Stop the work to find out what your students are thinking feeling and
doing in their everyday lives. Encouraging Active Learning
students write something.
71. Have students keep
three-week-three-times-a-week journals in which they comment, ask
questions and answer questions about
students to critique each other's essays or short answer on tests for
readability or content.
73. Invite students to ask questions and wait
for the response.
74. Probe student responses to questions ant wait for
75. Put students into pairs or "learning cells" to quiz
each other over material for the day.
76. Give students an opportunity
to voice opinions about the subject matter.
77. Have students apply
subject matter to solve real problems.
78. Give students red, yellow,
and green cards (made of posterboard) and periodically call for a vote
on an issue by asking for a
show of cards.
79. Roam the
aisles of a large classroom and carry on running conversations with
students as they work on course problems
(a portable microphone helps).
80. Ask a question directed to one student and wait for an answer.
Place a suggestion box in the rear of the room and encourage students
to make written comments every time the class meets.
82. Do oral show-of-hands multiple choice tests for summary review and
83. Use task groups to accomplish specific objectives.
quizzes and exercises in class as a learning tool.
85. Give students
plenty of opportunity for practice before a major test.
86. Give a test
early in the semester and return it graded in the next class meeting.
87. Have students write questions on index cards to be collected and
answered the next class period.
88. Make collaborate assignments for
several students to work on together.
89. Assign written paraphrases
and summaries of difficult reading.
90. Give students a take-home
problem relating to the days lecture.
91. Encourage students to bring
current news items to class which relate to the subject matter and post
these on a bulletin board
nearby Building Community .
92. Learn names.
Everyone makes an effort to learn at least a few names.
93. Set up a
buddy system so students can contact each other about assignments and
94. Find out about your students via questions on an index
95. Take pictures of students (snapshots in small groups, mug
shots) and post in classroom, office, or lab.
96. Arrange helping trios
of students to assist each other in learning and growing.
small groups for getting acquainted; mix and form new groups several
98. Assign a team project early in the semester and provide time
to assemble the team.
99. Help students form study groups to operate
outside the classroom.
100. Solicit suggestions from students for
outside resources and guest speakers on course topics. Feedback on
101. Gather student feedback in the first three weeks of the
semester to improve teaching and learning.