Pre-writing is the first stage of the writing process. The pre-write
stage helps the writer to:
· choose a topic
· gather and organize ideas
· identify an audience
· identify the purpose
· choose an appropriate
During this stage ideas are composed on paper. The writer focuses on
content as opposed to the mechanics. Students writing at this stage
should ask themselves:
· what is my purpose for
writing this piece
· who is my audience and what
do they want to know about my topic
· what details can I add to
support my main ideas
· what can I use for an
· how can I end the piece
During the editing stage students proofread their writing for mechanics
and grammar. Writers will need to focus on capitals, punctuation,
paragraphs and spelling.
It is important to note that revision is not editing. While students
are revising they should:
· replace words to improve flow
· reorganize sentences
· rewrite paragraphs to better
· lead or closing can be
reworded to improve impact
1. Idea Conference - in this type of a conference ideas are generated
to help begin the writing process
2. Revision Conference - a student may elect to ask a peer to read over
their first draft so that it can be reworked to
develop better clarity,
organization, sentence fluency, etc.
3. Editing Conference - during an editing conference a peer reads over
a piece of writing and makes corrections on
mechanics and grammar.
4. Publishing Conference - there may be times when a student needs some
assistance in deciding how to publish
their piece of writing.
The last stage of writers' workshop is where the students publish their
During this stage students may decide to dedicate their work to
someone, choose an appropriate title, and put the writing into a
duotang or binder.
Also, during the publishing stage students should
have a chance to share their writing with others. Their writing can be
put on display or read to the class.