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Barrels Of Balsam

This is quite easy to solve for any number of barrels—if you know how.
This is the way to do it.
There are five barrels in each row Multiply the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 together; and also multiply 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 together.
Divide one result by the other, and we get the number of different combinations or selections of ten things taken five at a time.
This is here 252.
Now, if we divide this by 6 (1 more than the number in the row) we get 42, which is the correct answer to the puzzle, for there are 42 different ways of arranging the barrels.
Try this method of solution in the case of six barrels, three in each row, and you will find the answer is 5 ways.
If you check this by trial, you will discover the five arrangements with 123, 124, 125, 134, 135 respectively in the top row, and you will find no others.

The general solution to the problem is, in fact, this:

 C n 2n n + 1

where 2n equals the number of barrels.
The symbol C, of course, implies that we have to find how many combinations, or selections, we can make of 2n things, taken n at a time.

Math Genius