Examination for Bullitt County
Schools - Answers
on some things
that were more relevant at that time than now, and it should not be
used to compare student knowledge then and now.
Reading, and Writing
that the spelling list contains a word
was incorrectly typeset: "eneeavor" should be "endeavor." We do not
know what was required for reading and writing.
#1: Write in words the following:
= five thousand seven hundred sixty-four
= three millionths;
= one hundred twenty-three thousand four hundred
= six hundred fifty-three and nine hundred
= forty-three and thirty-seven one-hundredths.
#2: Solve: 35.7 plus 4, 5.8 plus
35.7 + 4 = 39.7
5.8 + 5.14 - 59.112 = -48.172
#3: Find cost at 12½ cents
sq. yd. of kalsomining the walls of a room 20 ft. long, 16 ft. wide and
9 ft. high, deducting 1 door 8 ft. by 4 ft 6 in. and 2 windows 5 ft. by
3 ft. 6 in. each.
two long walls are 20' by 9' or 180
each. The other two walls are 16' by 9' or 144 square feet each. The
door space to be deducted is 8' by 4.5' or 36 square feet. The two
window spaces to be deducted are 5' by 3.5' or 17.5 square feet each.
Thus we have (180 × 2) + (144 × 2) - 36 - (17.5
which reduces to 360 + 288 - 36 - 35 or 648 - 71 = 577 square feet.
Since a square yard = 9 square feet, we divide 577 by 9 and get 64.1
square yards. At 12.5 cents per square yard, the cost will be $8.01,
rounded to the nearest cent.
the way, "kalsomining" is whitewash, a
calcium-based cheaper paint. A quote: "Too rich for whitewash, too poor
#4: A man bought a farm for $2400
sold it for $2700. What percent did he gain?
$2700 - $2400 = $300. Divide the increase by the original amount, or
300 ÷ 2400 = .125 or 12.5%
#5: A man sold a watch for $180
lost 16⅔%. What was the cost of the watch?
Assuming that "a/c" means percent, the solution is to divide the sale
price of $180 by .833 [100% - 16.67% = 83.3% or .833]. Thus 180
÷ .833 = 216.086 or $216.09 rounded to the nearest cent.
if the student recognized that
⅙ then $180 is ⅚ of the original price. Thus the original price was
$180 divided by ⅚, which is exactly $216.00. No rounding is necessary.
#6: Find the amount of $50.30 for
yrs., 3 mo. and 3 days, at 8 percent.
Assuming that the question is asking for a total of the principal plus
interest earned over the stated time period, the answer will be $63.41
using principal × rate × time.) with 3 years, 3
days = 3.258 years. $50.30 × .08 × 3.258 = $13.11
#7: A school enrolled 120 pupils
the number of boys was two thirds of the number of girls. How many of
each sex were enrolled?
Since the number of boys equals ⅔ of the number of girls, or B = ⅔G [or
.67G], we can write the equation as 1.67G = 120. Divide both sides of
the equation by 1.67 and the equation becomes G = 120 ÷ 1.67
which equals 71.856 which rounds to the whole number of 72. Since there
are 72 girls, 120 - 72 = 48 boys.
using just fractions, B = ⅔G and
B + G
= 120, we get (5/3)G = 120. Staying in fractions, we can multiple both
sides of the equation by 3, giving 5G = 360, or G = 72, from which we
can determine that B = 48. Rounding to whole numbers thus becomes
#8: How long a rope is required
reach from the top of a building 40 ft. high, to the ground 30 ft. from
the base of the building?
The answer is 50 feet. Use the Pythagorean theorem (a2
Also, we have been reminded by Craig Siefkas of the
rule for right triangles called the 3-4-5 rule. He said, "If you have a
right triangle with one side being 3 units long, one side 4 units long,
then the third and longest side will be 5 units long. In this case the
unit is 10 feet. The reason this is such an important rule to many is
that when you are building a barn, shed, or house, you must 'square'
the building. Typically a farmer or carpenter's longest tape will be 50
feet long, so you run one wall out 30 feet, the second wall out 40
feet, and the building will be square when the distance between them is
50 feet. Of course, if you wish you can use 'units' of 5 feet, or 15
feet × 20 feet × 25 feet; or units of 3 feet giving
feet × 12 feet × 15 feet; or any other length
desire. Many a building has been squared up using this rule, with no
knowledge of the Pythagorean Theorem." Thanks Craig.
#9: How many steps 2 ft. 4 in.
will a man take in walking 2¼ miles?
Assuming the question is saying 2¼ miles, 5280 feet (in a
times 2¼ miles = 11,880 feet. Divide that by the size of
(2⅓ feet) = 5,092 steps.
#10: At $1.62½ a cord,
be the cost of a pile of wood 24 ft. long, 4 ft. wide and 6 ft. 3 in.
$7.62. A simple volume problem. One cord at 4 × 4 ×
= 128 cubic feet. 24 × 4 × 6¼ = 600
Divide cord volume into measured volume; times $1.62½.
(Interesting to note that a cord of wood was $1.62½ in 1912.
What does it sell for today?)
#1: How many parts of speech are
Traditionally (and almost certainly in 1912) there were eight
grammatical parts of speech identified this way (taken from Wikipedia)
- Noun: any
concrete entity; a person (police
Michael), place (coastline, London), thing (necktie, television), idea
(happiness), or quality (bravery)
substitute for a noun or noun phrase
qualifier of a noun
- Verb: any
(walk), occurrence (happen), or state of
of an adjective, verb, clause,
establisher of relation and syntactic
emotional greeting (or "exclamation")
more recent sources separate the
an, the) as a part of speech, and drop the interjection. For example
see the Purdue
grammarians recognize eight parts of
in classifying all the words in the language which are used in
connected discourse. Some grammarians exclude the interjection from the
list of parts of speech; others separate the articles (the, a, an) from
the adjective division; and others classify the expletive as a full
part of speech. ... School grammars generally recognize the traditional
eight parts of speech." Taken from page 16 of Descriptive
Grammar by Homer C. House and
Susan Emolyn Harmon; Second Edition;
Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1950.
#2: Define proper noun; common
Name the properties of a noun.
A proper noun is the name of a specific person, place, or thing (such
A common noun refers to a person, place, or thing in a general sense
(The "town" is not far away.)
The properties of a noun include...
1. Gender (masculine or feminine)
2. Number (singular, plural)
3. Person (first, second, or third)
4. Case (subject, object, or construct-possessive)
#3: What is a Personal Pronoun?
A personal pronoun is a pronoun that refers to a particular person,
group, or thing. The following chart is copied from Wikipedia.
Note: horizontal scrolling will be necessary on smaller screens. We
apologize for the inconvenience.
pronouns in standard Modern English
personal pronouns have three
related to the purpose they serve in a sentence or phrase: nominative,
accusative (objective), and possessive. For the first person singular,
these are I, me, and mine, respectively."
#4: What properties have verbs?
properties of verbs are person, number, tense, voice, and mood.
#5: "William struck James."
Voice of the verb.
"William struck James." is in active voice. Passive voice would be
"James was struck by William."
#6: Adjectives have how many
Comparison? Compare good; wise, beautiful.
Adjectives have three
degrees of comparison.
#7: Diagram: The Lord loveth a
#8: Parse all the words in the
ran over the bridge."
is a proper noun used as the
is an intransitive verb and forms the simple predicate
is a prepositional phrase that modifies
and answers the question Where
did John run?
is the preposition; bridge
is the object of
preposition, and the
is an article adjective indicating which
parents love her."
is a common noun used as the
of the sentence.
is a possessive noun used to identify the parents.
is a transitive verb and forms the simple predicate
is an objective pronoun used as the direct object of
#1: Define longitude and latitude.
Longitude and latitude are the imaginary lines that divide the Earth
into measurable horizontal and vertical lines. Latitude lines are
measured from the equator to the poles. Longitude lines extend from the
north to south poles and are measured east and west from the prime
meridian to the International Date Line.
#2: Name and give the boundaries
1. North Frigid Zone, north of the Arctic Circle; 2: North Temperate
Zone, between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer; 3. Torrid
Zone, between the Tropical Circles; 4. South Temperate Zone, between
the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle; 5. South Frigid Zone,
south of the Antarctic Circle.
#3: Tell what you know of the
The Gulf Stream is a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of
Mexico parallel with the US coast toward Newfoundland, Canada, and then
continues across the Atlantic Ocean toward northwestern Europe as the
North Atlantic Drift.
courtesy of the
University of Texas Libraries, The
University of Texas at Austin.
#4: Locate Erie Canal; what
it connect, and why is it important?
The Erie Canal is a waterway in New York that runs about 363 miles from
Albany, New York, on the Hudson River to Buffalo, New York, at Lake
Erie, completing a navigable water route from the Atlantic Ocean to the
Great Lakes. It was the first transportation system between the eastern
seaboard (New York City) and the western interior (Great Lakes,
Chicago) of the United States that did not require portage.
#5. Locate the following
which border each other: Turkey [Ottoman Empire], Greece, Servia
[Serbia today], Montenegro, Roumania [early spelling of Romania].
These are all in south-central Europe. See the map to the right.
#6: Name and give the capitals of
States touching the Ohio River.
Kentucky (Frankfort); Ohio (Columbus); Indiana (Indianapolis); West
Virginia (Charleston); Pennsylvania (Harrisburg); Illinois
#7: Locate these cities: Mobile,
Quebec, Buenos Aires, Liverpool, Honolulu.
Mobile (Alabama); Quebec (Canada); Buenos Aires (Argentina); Liverpool
(England); Honolulu (Hawaii).
#8: Name in order of their size
largest States in the United States.
Texas, California, Montana (at the time of the test; Alaska had not
been made a state yet).
#9: Locate the following
Blue Ridge, Himalaya, Andes, Alps, Wasatch.
Blue Ridge (eastern U.S. from Georgia to Pennsylvania), Himalaya (Asia,
separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan
Plateau), Andes (western South America extending from north to south
through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and
Argentina), Alps (alpine countries in central Europe), Wasatch (Utah).
#10: Through what waters would a
pass in going from England through the Suez Canal to Manila?
A ship going from England to Manilla by way of the Suez Canal would
pass through (perhaps) the English Channel, the North Atlantic Ocean,
Bay of Biscay (possibly), Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean Sea, Suez
Canal, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden/Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, Gulf of
Thailand (may have been called Gulf of Siam at that time), South China
#1: How does the liver compare in
with other glands in the human body? Where is it located? What does it
The liver is the largest gland in the body. It lies below the diaphragm
in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It secretes bile.
#2: Name the organs of
The likely intent of this questions was to determine the elements of
the human cardiovascular system which include the heart, lungs, and
#3: Describe the heart. The
is the vital organ of the body that pumps the blood. It is about the
size of a fist. The four sections of the human heart are the left
atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, and right ventricle.
#4: Compare arteries and veins as
function. Where is the blood carried to be purified?
Arteries distribute oxygenated blood throughout the body, while veins
carry de-oxygenated blood to the heart. The liver and kidneys purify
the blood. Note: H.L. King of Lexington KY points out that "arteries
channel blood away from the heart, veins channel it toward the heart.
The key is to note that the pulmonary artery channels oxygen-depleted
blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. It then returns,
oxygenated, to the left atrium via the pulmonary veins."
#5: Where is the chief nervous
of the body? The body's chief
nervous center includes first the
brain and then the spinal cord.
#6: Define Cerebrum; Cerebellum.
located just above the brain stem, controls
balance, equilibrium and fine movement coordination. The Cerebrum
is located in the front portion of the forebrain, and determines
intelligence, personality, interpretation of sensory impulses and motor
function. It also helps with planning and organization as well as touch
#7: What are the functions (or
the spinal column? The spinal
column supports the body and provides
protection for the spinal cord.
#8: Why should we study
We should study physiology so that we can better understand our body
and how to better take care of it, as well as understand the
functioning of other creatures. A good understanding of physiology (how
the body works) is the basis of all medicine. Without knowing how the
body works, how it is made up and how it can go wrong, we cannot even
begin to design effective treatments and interventions, including
surgery or new pharmaceutical drugs.
#9: Give at least five rules to
observed in maintaining good health.
Eat right, exercise, get
proper sleep, drink plenty of water, maintain proper hygiene (other
#1: Define the following forms of
government: Democracy, Limit Monarchy, Absolute Monarchy, Republic.
Give examples of each.
a "pure" democracy includes all of its
making all of its decisions as a group, as a practical matter this will
not work except in quite small groups. Most countries that claim to be
democracies normally have a representative form of government, as does
our own nation which is better defined as a republic. A modern
definition of democracy, taken from the "Democracy
Building" web site is a "form of
government, where a constitution
guarantees basic personal and political rights, fair and free
elections, and independent courts of law." It is quite likely that the
expected example in 1912 was the United States itself.
understand that some have objected to our
selection of the United States as the likely answer to this question,
and we accept that it may be better classified as a republic, a
representative democracy, or something similar. However, since there
did not exist a single nation in 1912 that could be considered a pure
democracy, we can't think of a better answer. If you disagree, you are
welcome to do so. Please keep in mind that we do not have the original
answers, and this page represents our best effort to provide answers.)
or constitutional monarchy is a form
government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the
guidelines of a constitution. The likely answer in 1912 would have been
an absolute monarchy, the monarch wields
unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people.
Until 1905 the Tsars of Russia governed as absolute monarchs. Another
possible example might have been Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany and
republic is a government where the head of
is not a monarch. Leadership positions are directly or indirectly
elected or appointed rather than inherited. In 1912 an example might
have been the Republic of France.
#2: To what four governments are
students in school subjected? As
citizens of the United States, the
Commonwealth of Kentucky, the county of Bullitt, and the local school
system, these students would be subject to the jurisdiction of the
local school board, and the county, state, and federal governments.
#3: Name five county officers,
principal duties of each.
The students may have been required to identify the current officers by
name, but we will assume they were to identify them by office.
- The county
1912 served both as an executive head
county government and as a judicial judge. He was also a member of the
county fiscal court, the legislative body of the county.
members of the fiscal court, and also
minor judicial duties.
sheriff and his
deputies were responsible for enforcing
law within the county.
- The county
had multiple duties including
the county court's clerk and clerk of the fiscal court. He was also
responsible for maintaining county records including deeds, marriage
records, and wills.
- The county
responsible for overseeing the
incarceration of prisoners.
#4: Name and define the three
of the government of the United States.
The federal government is composed of three distinct branches:
legislative, executive and judicial. The legislative branch includes
the Congress (Senate and House of Representatives) which is responsible
for the passage of all federal laws as outlined in the Constitution.
The executive branch includes the president and vice president along
with the various executive cabinets. The president is the head of state
and commander in chief of the armed forces. He has the responsibility
of negotiating treaties, and appointing cabinet members with the
concurrence of the Senate. The judicial branch is responsible for
interpretation of laws, and in determining the outcome of civil and
criminal cases. It is headed by the Supreme Court.
# 5: Give three duties of the
President. What is meant by the veto power?
The president is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws
be faithfully executed." He appoints ambassadors, member of his
Cabinet, and federal judges with the advice and consent of the Senate.
He directs foreign policy and is commander in chief of the armed
forces. He has the power of the veto whereby all bills passed by
Congress must be presented to him. He may sign the bill, allowing it to
become law; he may veto it and return it to Congress with his
objections; or he may take no action. If he vetoes the bill, Congress
may override his veto by voting two-thirds majority approval. If he
takes no action for ten working days, and Congress is still in session,
then the bill becomes law without his signature. However if Congress
has adjourned, the bill does not become law. This is commonly known as
a pocket veto.
#6: Name three rights given
the Constitution and two rights denied Congress.
Only Congress can declare war. Only Congress can impeach (House), try
(Senate), and remove office holders, including the President and
Supreme Court Justices from office. Only Congress can raise and lower
can not pass a law that turns an act
a crime after the act was committed; accept a title of nobility;
suspend writ of habeas corpus (except under special circumstances);
pass a Bill of Attainder (which means they can't punish anyone or group
without a trial); tax any goods exported from any state; and Congress
cannot vote themselves a pay raise during their current term in office.
that this answer is not exactly correct
1912. Constitutional amendments changed the Congressional powers over
#7: In the election of a
vice-president, how many electoral votes is each State allowed?
Each state receives a number of presidential electors in the electoral
college equal to the number of congressional districts in that state
(which varies by state population, but is never less than one) plus the
number of senators (always two). At the time of this test, Kentucky had
13 electoral votes out of 531 electoral votes nationwide. Today
Kentucky has 8 electoral votes out of 538 nationwide.
#8: Give the eligibility of
vice-president and Governor of Kentucky.
The president and vice-president of the United States must be a natural
born citizen of the United States, be at least thirty-five years old,
and have been a permanent resident in the United States for at least
fourteen years. The governor of Kentucky must be at least thirty years
of age and have resided in the state for at least six years preceding
the general election; and never fought a duel.
#9. What is a copyright? Patent
Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the
creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a
limited time. A patent is a form of intellectual property. It consists
of a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an
inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time, in exchange
for the public disclosure of the invention.
#10: Describe the manner in which
president and vice-president of the United States are elected.
The president and vice-president are selected by a group of electors
known as the electoral college. Each state is granted a number of
electors equal to the number of its members of the United States
Congress (Senate and House of Representatives). To be elected, the
president and vice-president, running as a team, must receive a
majority of the electoral votes. If no one receives a majority, then
the members of the House of Representatives select the president. Each
state receives one vote, with its representatives voting as a bloc.
there is no legal requirement to do
state's electors almost always cast their ballots according to how the
state's citizens voted in the general election.
#1. Who first discovered the
places: Florida, Pacific Ocean, Mississippi River, St. Lawrence River?
Juan Ponce de León made the first European expedition to
Florida, which he named. Vasco Núñez de Balboa is
known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean.
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto became the first recorded European to
reach the Mississippi River. Jacques Cartier was the first European to
describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint
are likely the expected answers on the
test. Although Native Americans were present in these places before the
arrival of the Europeans, the names of their people who first visited
these sites are lost in the mists of time.
#2: Sketch briefly Sir Walter
Peter Stuyvesant. Sir Walter
Raleigh was an English aristocrat,
writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well
known for popularizing tobacco in England. In 1594, Raleigh heard of a
"City of Gold" in South America and sailed to find it without success.
For various reasons, he was executed in 1618.
Stuyvesant served as the last Dutch
Director-General of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was
ceded to the English in 1664, after which it was renamed New York. He
was a major figure in the early history of New York City.
#3: By whom were the following
Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Florida?
November 1732 the ship Anne sailed from
carrying 114 colonists, including General James Oglethorpe, who settled
at what became Savannah, Georgia.
was first settled by mainly Roman
families led by the Calvert family as a place where they could freely
practice their faith.
first English settlers in Massachusetts,
Pilgrims, established their settlement at Plymouth in 1620.
1636, Roger Williams, after being banished
the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious views, settled at the
tip of Narragansett Bay, on land that would become Rhode Island. A
number of non-Puritan colonists as well as those that believed in
religious freedom joined him.
has had a long history of
including French and Spanish settlement during the 16th century, as
well as entry of new Native American groups migrating from elsewhere in
the South. Florida was under colonial rule by Spain and Great Britain
during the 18th and 19th centuries before becoming a territory in 1822
of the United States.
#4: During what wars were the
battles fought: Brandywine, Great Meadows, Lundy's Lane, Antietam,
Battle of Brandywine was fought between
American army of Major General George Washington and the British army
of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777 during the
Battle of Fort Necessity, or the Battle
Great Meadows took place on July 3, 1754 in Pennsylvania. The
engagement was one of the first battles of the French and Indian War
and George Washington's only military surrender.
Battle of Lundy's Lane (also known as the
Battle of Niagara Falls) was a battle of the War of 1812, which took
place on 25 July 1814, in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario.
Battle of Antietam, also known as the
Sharpsburg, was fought on Wednesday, September 17, 1862, near
Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, and was the first major
battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil.
Battle of Buena Vista, on February 23,
saw the United States Army use artillery to repulse the much larger
Mexican army in the Mexican-American War.
#5: Describe the battle of Quebec.
The Battle of Quebec was fought on December 31, 1775 between American
Continental Army forces and the British defenders of the city of
Quebec, early in the American Revolutionary War. The battle was the
first major defeat of the war for the Americans, and it came at a high
price. General Richard Montgomery was killed, Benedict Arnold was
wounded, and Daniel Morgan and more than 400 men were taken prisoner.
#6: Give the cause of the War of
and name an important battle fought during that war.
The War of 1812 was a military conflict fought between the forces of
the United States of America and those of the British Empire. The
Americans declared war in 1812 for several reasons, including trade
restrictions due to Britain's ongoing war with France, and the
impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy. One major
battle was the Battle of Baltimore, during which the words to the
National Anthem were penned.
#7: Name 2 presidents who have
office; three who were assassinated.
Three Presidents who were assassinated (by the time of this 1912 test)
were Lincoln, McKinley, & Garfield. Presidents who died in
(but not assassinated) were William Henry Harrison, and Zachary Taylor.
#8: Name the last battle of the
War; War of 1812; French and Indian War, and the commanders in each
War: Battle of Columbus, Georgia on 16
1865; commanders were Union General James H. Wilson and Confederate
Major General Howell Cobb. [See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Columbus_(1865)]
We are aware that a battle took place in Texas (Battle of Palmito
Ranch) on May 12–13, 1865, shortly after the end of the
Civil War; but it occurred after Johnston's surrender to Sherman (April
26, 1865) and after the Confederacy dissolved on May 5.
of 1812: By date, the last battle was in
February 1815 at Fort Bowyer, Alabama in which a British force of at
least 3000 attacked a smaller American force of fewer than 400 led by
fort commander William Lawrence who surrendered on 11 Feb 1815. However
the generally recognized last battle of the war was the Battle of New
Orleans with Andrew Jackson leading the Americans and Edward Pakenham
among the British.
and Indian War: Battle of Signal Hill
Sep 1762 with British forces led by William Amherst and French forces
led by Guillaume de Bellecombe. [See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Signal_Hill]
#9: What president was impeached,
on what charge? Andrew Johnson
(who succeeded Lincoln) for
violating the "Tenure of Office Act", when he sought to remove his
Secretary of War without Senate approval. Republicans were mad at him
for being lenient to the South.
#10: Who invented the following:
magneto, telegraph, cotton gin, sewing machine, telephone, phonograph?
Magneto - Faraday; telegraph - Samuel Morse; cotton gin - Eli Whitney;
sewing machine - generally, Elias Howe, though disputed; telephone -
Alexander Graham Bell; phonograph - Thomas Alva Edison.